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Scientific Instruments for Space Measurements - Summary since 1978

Name of instrument Object - launch Scientific tasks Cooperating institutions
PLAZMAG Prognoz 7 - 30.10.1978 Energy and angle distribution of ions 0.03-15 keV SRI Moscow
MONITOR Prognoz 8 - 25.12.1980 Energy distribution of ions 0.2-5 keV SRI Moscow
AKME Prognoz 10 - 26.4.1985 Angle distribution of ions and electrons near the Earth's bow shock and in the solar wind
BIFRAM Prognoz 10 - 26.4.1985 Comlex analysis of ions and electrons near the Earth's bow shock and in the solar wind SRI Moscow
DOR Prognoz 10 - 26.4.1985 Total flux of electrons above 30 keV
BD-3 FOBOS 1, 2 - 8.7. a 12.7.1988 Basic plasma parameters (n, T, v) SRI Moscow
SP-C ACTIVE (Magion 2) - 1989 Energy and angle distribution of ions and electrons 0.05-20 keV, subsatellite MSU Moscow
PEAS APEX - 25.12.1991 Energy and angle distribution of ions and electrons 0.05-25 keV, main satellite MSU Moscow, SRI Moscow, GF AV
MPS APEX (Magion 3) - 25.12.1991 Energy and angle distribution of ions and electrons 0.05-25 keV, subsatellite MSU Moscow
MONITOR-3 INTERBALL - 3.8.1995 Fine structure of ion distribution 0.05-15 keV, tail probe - main satellite SRI Moscow
VDP INTERBALL - 3.8.1995 Integral flux parameters of ions and electrons, tail probe - main satellite SRI Moscow
SPS INTERBALL (Magion 4) - 3.8.1995 Fine structure of ion distribution 0.05-15 keV, tail probe - subsatellite SRI Moscow
VDP-S INTERBALL (Magion 4) - 3.8.1995 Integral flux parameters of ions and electrons, tail probe - subsatellite SRI Moscow
EPS INTERBALL (Magion 5) - 29.8.1996 Energy and angle distribution of ions and electrons 0.05-25 keV, auroral probe - subsatellite SRI Moscow, University of Bern
FONEMA MARS - satellite lost after launch in Nov. 1996 Very fast measurement of angle and energy distribution of main ion species 0.05-8 keVSRI Moscow, MSSL, University of Toulouse, St. Patrick College Maymooth

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Last revised 03-Jan-2000.